Orchids are one of the most beautiful and popular flowers in the world. They come in many shapes, colors, and sizes, and they can brighten up any room with their elegance and fragrance. But what happens when your orchid stops blooming and enters a dormant period? Does it mean that your orchid is dead or dying? Of course not! Orchids can rebloom many times if you take good care of them and follow some simple steps. In this article, we will show you how to get an orchid to rebloom and enjoy its beauty for a long time.
How Orchids Rebloom?
Step 1: Cut the old stem
The first thing you need to do when your orchid finishes blooming is to cut the old stem. This will help the plant to focus its energy on producing new growths and flowers. Depending on the type of orchid you have, you may need to cut the stem differently. For most orchids, such as cattleyas, dendrobiums, and oncidiums, you should cut the stem all the way to the base of the plant. For phalaenopsis orchids, also known as moth orchids, you should cut the stem just above the first or second node from the bottom. A node is a small bump on the stem where a new flower spike can emerge. You can use a sharp and sterile pair of scissors or a pruning tool to make a clean cut at a 45-degree angle.
Step 2: Keep watering
After cutting the stem, you should continue watering your orchid regularly. Watering is one of the most important factors for orchid health and reblooming. However, you should avoid overwatering your orchid, as this can cause root rot and fungal infections. Orchids prefer to be watered thoroughly but infrequently, and they need to dry out between waterings. A good way to water your orchid is to place it in a sink or a bucket and pour lukewarm water over the potting mix until it drains out of the bottom. Then, let the orchid drain for a few minutes before returning it to its place. You can also add some orchid fertilizer to the water once a month to provide some extra nutrients.
Step 3: Provide enough light
Light is another essential factor for orchid reblooming. Orchids need bright but indirect light to produce flowers. Too much direct sunlight can burn the leaves and flowers, while too little light can prevent the orchid from blooming. The best place to put your orchid is near a window that receives morning or afternoon sun, but not midday sun. You can also use artificial lights, such as fluorescent or LED lamps, to supplement the natural light. A good way to tell if your orchid is getting enough light is to look at the color of the leaves. They should be a bright green, not a dark green or a yellowish green.
Step 4: Adjust the temperature
Temperature is another factor that affects orchid reblooming. Orchids are tropical plants that like warm and humid conditions, but they also need some temperature variation to trigger flowering. Most orchids need a cooler night temperature than the day temperature, usually about 10 degrees Fahrenheit (6 degrees Celsius) lower. For example, if your orchid likes a day temperature of 75 degrees Fahrenheit (24 degrees Celsius), it should have a night temperature of 65 degrees Fahrenheit (18 degrees Celsius). You can achieve this by moving your orchid to a cooler spot at night, such as a basement or a garage, or by opening a window slightly. However, you should avoid exposing your orchid to extreme temperatures, such as below 50 degrees Fahrenheit (10 degrees Celsius) or above 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 degrees Celsius), as this can damage the plant.
Step 5: Repot if necessary
Repotting is another step that can help your orchid rebloom. Orchids need to be repotted every one to three years, depending on the type of orchid and the condition of the potting mix. Repotting allows you to refresh the potting mix, which can become compacted and acidic over time, and to check the roots for any signs of disease or damage. Repotting also gives your orchid more room to grow and breathe. To repot your orchid, you will need a new pot that is slightly larger than the old one, some fresh orchid potting mix, and some orchid clips or stakes to support the plant. You should repot your orchid when it is not in bloom, preferably in the spring or summer. Here are the steps to repot orchid:
- – Remove the orchid from the old pot and gently shake off the old potting mix from the roots. You can use a spray bottle to moisten the roots and make them more flexible.
- – Trim any dead, rotten, or damaged roots with a sharp and sterile pair of scissors or a pruning tool. Healthy roots should be firm and white or green, not mushy and brown or black.
- – Fill the new pot with some fresh orchid potting mix, leaving some space for the roots. You can use a commercial orchid potting mix or make your own by mixing bark, perlite, charcoal, and sphagnum moss.
- – Place the orchid in the new pot and spread the roots evenly over the potting mix. Make sure the base of the plant is slightly below the rim of the pot, not above it.
- – Add more potting mix around the roots and press it lightly to secure the plant. Do not pack the potting mix too tightly, as this can prevent air circulation and drainage.
- – Water the orchid thoroughly and let it drain for a few minutes. Then, place it in a shady spot for a week or two to allow it to adjust to the new pot.
- – Use some orchid clips or stakes to support the plant and the flower spike if needed.
Step 6: Be patient
The last step to get your orchid to rebloom is to be patient. Orchids are not like other plants that bloom every season. They have their own cycle and rhythm, and they need some time to rest and recover before producing new flowers. Depending on the type of orchid and the conditions you provide, it can take anywhere from a few weeks to a few months for your orchid to rebloom. Some orchids, such as phalaenopsis, can rebloom several times a year, while others, such as cymbidiums, only rebloom once a year. The best thing you can do is to enjoy your orchid as it is and wait for the surprise of new flowers.
Orchids are amazing plants that can rebloom many times if you take good care of them. By following these six steps, you can get your orchid to rebloom and enjoy its beauty for a long time. Remember to cut the old stem, keep watering, provide enough light, adjust the temperature, repot if necessary, and be patient. You will be rewarded with stunning flowers that will make you smile. If you want to learn more about orchids and how to grow them, visit flowerflood.com, the website that will teach you everything you need to know about flowers and plants.