flower types

African Daisy: Varietes, Meaning and Care Guide

african daisy

African daisies, also known as Cape marigolds or Osteospermum, are a popular flowering plant that is native to South Africa. They come in a variety of colors including yellow, orange, pink, and white, with some varieties having bi-colored petals. African daisy has become a favorite among gardeners worldwide because of their vibrant colors and ability to bloom profusely throughout the summer months. In this guide, we’ll explore the different varieties of African daisies, their meanings and symbolism, and provide tips on how to care for these beautiful flowers. Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or just starting out, African daisies are a great addition to any garden.

What is an African Daisy?

african daisy

An African Daisy is a type of flowering plant native to South Africa, known for its bright and colorful petals in shades of orange, yellow, and pink. It is commonly grown as an ornamental plant in gardens and landscapes around the world.

African Daisy History

African daisies, also known as Cape Daisies or Gerbera Jamesonii, are native to South Africa and were first discovered in the late 19th century. Here are some key points about the history of African daisies:

African daisies are native to the southwestern regions of Africa, including South Africa and Namibia. The plant was first discovered by a Scotsman named Robert Jameson, who was the superintendent of the botanical gardens in Grahamstown, South Africa, in the late 1800s.

The scientific name for the African daisy, Gerbera Jamesonii, was chosen in honor of Robert Jameson. African daisies were initially cultivated for their medicinal properties, as they were believed to have healing powers. Later on, they became popular ornamental plants due to their bright, showy flowers.

Over time, breeders developed new varieties of African daisies through hybridization, resulting in a wider range of flower colors and shapes. Today, African daisies are popular garden plants all over the world due to their colorful blooms and easy-to-grow nature.

Overall, African daisies have a rich history that spans back over a century. From their discovery in South Africa to their widespread popularity today, these stunning flowers have captured the hearts of gardeners and flower enthusiasts alike.

Colors of african daisy

african daisy

African daisies are known for their bright and bold colors, which can vary slightly depending on the specific variety. Some common African daisy colors include:

White: A classic color for many flower species, white African daisies have pure white petals that contrast beautifully with their dark centers.

Yellow: Yellow African daisies have sunny, cheerful petals that add a warm glow to any garden or landscape.

Orange: Orange African daisies bring a bold pop of color to gardens, with hues ranging from soft peach to fiery tangerine.

Pink: From pale pastel shades to vibrant hot pink, pink African daisies offer a range of options for those who love this feminine hue.

Red: Bold and eye-catching, red African daisies make a statement in any garden, adding drama and intensity to floral displays.

Purple: While less common than some other hues, purple African daisies can be found in a range of shades, adding richness and depth to garden designs.

Bi-Color: Many African daisy varieties feature bi-color blooms, with petals in two different hues, such as yellow and orange or pink and white. These multi-colored flowers create a unique and dynamic visual effect in the garden.

African Daisy Flower Meaning

The African daisy flower, scientifically known as Dimorphotheca aurantiaca or Osteospermum spp., is a vibrant and colorful flower that carries different meanings depending on the culture and context. In general, some common meanings associated with African daisy flowers include:

Happiness and joy: The bright colors of African daisy flowers are often associated with happiness and joy. Giving or receiving these flowers can be a way to express feelings of positivity and optimism.

Friendship: In some cultures, African daisy flowers are also seen as symbols of friendship and loyalty. They can be given as gifts to show appreciation for a friend or to celebrate a special occasion.

New beginnings: Because African daisy flowers often bloom in the springtime, they can also represent new beginnings and fresh starts. They can be a great way to celebrate the start of a new project, job, or relationship.

Overall, the meaning of African daisy flowers can vary depending on the context and the people involved. However, they are generally associated with positive feelings and emotions.

African daisy flowers are known for their vibrant and colorful petals, which can symbolize happiness, joy, friendship, and new beginnings. Similarly, the lily flower has its own meanings that vary depending on the context and culture. Generally, lilies are associated with purity, innocence, and beauty. In some cultures, different types of lilies can have specific meanings – for example, white lilies can represent sympathy and mourning, while yellow lilies can symbolize gratitude and thankfulness. Like African daisy flowers, lilies can be given as gifts to express a variety of emotions, including love, appreciation, and respect. Overall, both African daisy flowers and lilies are beautiful and meaningful flowers that can convey a range of sentiments and emotions.

African Daisy Varieties 

african daisy

African daisies are beautiful and vibrant flowers that come in a variety of colors and sizes. Here are some popular African daisy varieties:

Cape Daisy: This classic African daisy is also known as the “blue-eyed daisy” due to its striking blue center surrounded by white petals. It thrives in full sun and well-drained soil.

Veldt Daisy: Also known as the “gazania”, this African daisy features large, brightly-colored petals that close at night. It’s a drought-tolerant plant that does well in warm climates.

Gerbera Daisy: While not native to Africa, the gerbera daisy has become a popular garden plant due to its bright and bold colors, including yellows, oranges, pinks, and reds. It prefers partial shade and rich, moist soil.

African Daisy Mix: For those who can’t decide on just one variety, an African daisy mix is a great option. These blends typically include a range of colors and textures, creating a stunning display in any garden or landscape.

No matter which variety you choose, African daisies are sure to add a pop of color and beauty to your outdoor space.

How to Grow and Care for African Daisy?

African daisies are relatively easy to grow and care for, making them a popular choice for home gardeners. Here are some tips on how to grow and care for African daisy:

Choose the right location: African daisies prefer full sun and well-drained soil. Make sure to select a spot in your garden that receives at least 6 hours of sunlight per day.

Planting: African daisies can be planted from seed or purchased as young plants. Space the plants about 12 inches apart and water thoroughly after planting.

Watering: African daisies prefer moderate watering, so make sure to keep the soil evenly moist but not waterlogged. Over-watering can lead to root rot.

Fertilizing: You can fertilize your African daisies with a balanced fertilizer once a month during the growing season (spring and summer).

Pruning: Deadhead your African daisies regularly by removing spent blooms. This will encourage the plant to produce more flowers and prevent it from going to seed too quickly.

Pests and diseases: African daisies are generally resistant to pests and diseases. However, you may occasionally encounter issues such as aphids or powdery mildew. Use an insecticidal soap or fungicide as needed.

Winter care: African daisies are typically treated as annuals in cooler climates, as they do not tolerate frost. If you live in a warmer climate, you can cut back the plants in the fall and mulch around the base to protect the roots during the winter.

By following these simple tips, you can enjoy the beauty of African daisies in your own garden while keeping them healthy and thriving.

African Daisy (osteospermum) Problems

african daisy

African daisies (also known as Cape daisies or osteospermums) are generally hardy and low-maintenance plants, but like any other plant, they can experience certain problems. Here are some common issues that African daisy growers may encounter:

Overwatering: African daisies prefer well-draining soil and do not tolerate waterlogged conditions. Overwatering can cause root rot and other fungal diseases, which can kill the plant.

Underwatering: On the other hand, underwatering can also be a problem for African daisies. These plants require regular watering during the growing season, especially in hot weather. If they are not watered enough, their leaves may turn brown and crispy.

Pests: African daisies can attract pests such as aphids, spider mites, and whiteflies. These insects can damage the leaves and flowers of the plant and spread diseases. Regular inspection and treatment with appropriate pesticides can help keep pests under control.

Fungal diseases: African daisies can be susceptible to various fungal diseases such as powdery mildew, gray mold, and rust. These diseases can cause yellowing or browning of the leaves, stunted growth, and reduced flower production. Proper sanitation practices, such as removing infected leaves and debris from around the plant, can help prevent the spread of fungal diseases.

Nutrient deficiencies: African daisies require regular fertilization, especially in poor soils. A lack of nutrients can result in stunted growth, poor flowering, and yellowing of the leaves. Applying a balanced fertilizer can help ensure that the plant has the necessary nutrients to thrive.

In summary, African daisies can experience problems with overwatering, underwatering, pests, fungal diseases, and nutrient deficiencies. However, most of these issues can be prevented or treated with proper care and attention.

African Daisy annual or perennial?


African daisies are typically grown as annuals, especially in areas with cold winters. This is because they are not frost-tolerant and will not survive freezing temperatures.

However, in warmer regions where the temperature stays above freezing year-round, African daisies can be grown as perennials. In these areas, the plants may die back in the winter but will regrow from the roots in the spring.

In general, African daisies are considered short-lived perennials, meaning that even in warmer climates, they may only last a few years before needing to be replanted. However, with proper care and maintenance, some plants may last longer.

So whether African daisies are grown as annuals or perennials depends on the climate of the region where they are being grown.

African Daisy Benefits, Uses, Side effects

African daisy, also known as Cape marigold, is a flowering plant that is native to South Africa. It has been traditionally used in folk medicine for various purposes. Here are some of the benefits and uses of African daisy:


  • African daisy contains compounds that have antioxidant properties, which means they can help protect cells against damage caused by free radicals.
  • It is also believed to have anti-inflammatory properties, which may help reduce inflammation in the body.
  • African daisy is sometimes used to treat respiratory problems such as coughs, bronchitis, and asthma.
  • It has been used to treat skin conditions such as eczema and acne.
  • Some people use African daisy to relieve menstrual cramps.


  • African daisy is primarily used in herbal medicine and is often prepared as a tea or tincture.
  • It is sometimes used as an ingredient in cosmetics and skincare products due to its purported skin-healing effects.

Side effects:

  • African daisy is generally considered safe when consumed in moderate amounts. However, allergic reactions may occur in some individuals.
  • In rare cases, African daisy may cause gastrointestinal upset, including nausea and vomiting.
  • Pregnant and breastfeeding women should avoid using African daisy, as there is insufficient evidence on its safety in these populations.

African Daisy FAQs

Are african daisies poisonous to dogs?

Yes, African daisies are toxic to dogs and many other animals if ingested.

Do african daisies come back every year?

African daisies are generally grown as annuals, but in mild climates, they may come back as perennials.

What is the height of a daisy?    

The height of a daisy can vary depending on the species and cultivar, but they typically range from 6 inches to 3 feet tall.

Why is the African Daisy important?

The African Daisy is important for several reasons, including its beauty as an ornamental plant, its ability to attract pollinators to support ecosystems, its traditional medicinal properties, and its use as an agricultural crop in some parts of Africa.

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